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15 Minutes City (FMC). 15 Minutes from Everything. Walkable to Essential Services and Amenities.

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An urban space that is dynamic, futuristic and fully integrated with the surrounding environment.

The Concept of 15 Minutes City

The concept of the 15-minute city is a urban planning concept that proposes that all essential services and amenities, such as schools, healthcare facilities, grocery stores, restaurants, and public transportation, should be located within a 15-minute walk or bike ride from every resident's home.

The idea is to create self-sufficient neighborhoods where people can live, work, and play without the need for long commutes or reliance on cars. This approach is designed to improve the quality of life for residents by reducing transportation-related stress and pollution while also promoting healthier and more active lifestyles.

The concept of the 15-minute city gained popularity during the COVID-19 pandemic, as people reevaluated the importance of walkability, access to green spaces, and community resilience in the face of unexpected crises. Many cities around the world, including Paris, Barcelona, Melbourne, and Montreal, have adopted the 15-minute city concept in their urban planning strategies to create more sustainable, livable, and equitable communities.

The Benefit

The concept of a 15-minute city is a urban planning concept that aims to create more sustainable, livable, and efficient cities by ensuring that all essential services and amenities are within a 15-minute walk or bike ride from home. The benefits of a 15-minute city include:

  • Reduced Carbon Emissions: By minimizing the need for cars, the 15MC concept significantly reduces carbon emissions. t promotes active transportation modes like walking and cycling, contributing to a more sustainable environment. 
  • Improved Public Health: The 15MC model encourages physical activity as all essential amenities are within walking or cycling distance. It leads to decreased exposure to car-induced pollution, thereby improving air quality and public health.
  • Enhanced Social Interaction and Community Cohesion: The design of the 15MC fosters more walkable and  ikeable neighborhoods, leading to increased social interactions. This model strengthens community bonds and cultivates a sense of belonging among residents. 
  • Economic Revitalization: The concentration of amenities within a 15-minute radius creates a thriving local  economy. It provides a boost to local businesses, particularly small and medium enterprises, due to increased footfall. The 15MC model fosters entrepreneurship and job creation.
  • Increased Property Values: Properties in areas where amenities are easily accessible usually have higher value. This model leads to increased property values due to the convenience and vibrancy it brings to neighborhoods. 
  • Improved Quality of Life: By having everything within a 15-minute reach, residents experience less stress and save time, improving overall quality of life. The model encourages a balanced lifestyle, with easy access to recreational facilities like parks and cultural centers. 
  • Promotion of Sustainable Urban Development: The 15MC concept aligns with sustainable development goals, promoting efficient land use and sustainable transport systems. It encourages city planning that respects environmental limits and aims to reduce ecological footprints.

Overall, the concept of a 15-minute city has the potential to create more sustainable, livable, and equitable cities, while also improving the well-being of residents.

The Progress

The concept has gained significant attention in recent years, particularly in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, as more people are looking for ways to live and work closer to home. Many cities around the world are experimenting with the 15-minute city concept, and some have already made significant progress in implementing it.

For example, Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo has made the 15-minute city a central part of her vision for the city, and the city has already made significant progress in creating more bike lanes, pedestrian areas, and green spaces. Barcelona has also been working on implementing the concept, with a particular focus on reducing car traffic and promoting sustainable modes of transportation.

Other cities, such as Melbourne, Milan, and Portland, are also experimenting with the 15-minute city concept, and there is growing interest in the idea among urban planners and policymakers around the world. However, implementing the 15-minute city requires significant investment in infrastructure, including public transportation, bike lanes, and pedestrian areas, as well as a willingness to rethink traditional zoning and land use policies.

The Strategy

The strategy of the 15-minute city involves several key components, including:

  • Mixed-use zoning: The city should be designed with a mix of residential, commercial, and public spaces, so that people can live, work, and play in the same area. This reduces the need for long commutes and promotes a sense of community.
  • Complete streets: The streets should be designed to accommodate all modes of transportation, including walking, biking, and public transit. This means providing safe sidewalks, bike lanes, and public transportation options.
  • Access to services: Essential services such as grocery stores, healthcare facilities, and schools should be located within walking or biking distance of residents.
  • Green spaces: The city should include ample parks, green spaces, and other outdoor recreational areas to promote physical activity, mental health, and community engagement.


The benefits of the 15-minute city strategy are numerous, including reduced traffic congestion, lower greenhouse gas emissions, increased physical activity, improved health outcomes, and enhanced community engagement. By designing cities around the needs of people rather than cars, the 15-minute city offers a sustainable and equitable model for urban development.

The Future

The concept of a 15-minute city, where people can access all their daily needs within a 15-minute walk or bike ride from their home, has gained momentum in recent years as a way to create more livable and sustainable urban environments.

In the future, we can expect to see more cities adopting this concept as a way to reduce dependence on cars, promote active transportation, and create more vibrant, walkable neighborhoods. This could involve redesigning urban spaces to prioritize pedestrians and cyclists, expanding public transportation networks, and supporting local businesses to provide a variety of services and amenities within a short distance from residential areas.

Advances in technology, such as autonomous vehicles and delivery drones, could also play a role in enabling a 15-minute city by providing alternative modes of transportation and reducing the need for individual car ownership.

However, achieving a 15-minute city will require significant investment and collaboration among city governments, urban planners, developers, and community stakeholders. It will also require a shift in mindset away from car-centric urban planning and towards more sustainable and equitable models of urban development.


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